This honest and practical course will review the relevance as well as the good, bad and ugly of many new endodontic instruments, procedures and protocols. This review will include 3-D imaging as related to endo diagnosis, various filing and obturation systems, canal disinfection, single visit endo and the role of antibiotics. The participant will learn to understand controversies, including the pros and cons of new NiTi files and obturations, one visit endo, and endo versus implants. Attendees will review advances in instrumentation and obturation, apex locators, 3-D endodontic imaging/diagnosis, intra-canal meds. They will also understand facts behind advances and controversies that will benefit patients and outcomes.